High Blood Pressure is the most common disease which flows blood through Arteries at higher pressure than usual. Due to high pressure on heart, the heart goes weaker for the people suffering with hypertension. The affects of this will be seen all over the body.
Heart pushes the blood through the arteries to the rest of the body. Blood Pressure is the force created within the blood vessels (arteries & veins). Systolic Blood Pressure is the pressure created when blood pumps out of the heart and diastolic blood pressure is the pressure between heart beats. Blood Pressure varies from person to person and fluctuates based on the mental and physical condition of the person in that particular moment.
The blood pressure reading of 140/90 needs treatment according to researchers. Hypertension causes great damage to blood vessels (both arteries and veins). This may lead to brain stroke, heart diseases, heart failure and also affects other parts of body like eyes, kidneys, limbs etc.
Effects of High Blood Pressure in Circulatory System:
The role of circulatory system is to carry oxygenated blood throughout the body. Arteries stretch slightly when blood is pumped from the heart. Arteries stretch too much in the person suffering with high blood pressure. This leads great damage to different parts of the body. Over time, small tears form scar tissues within the arteries or blood vessels.
Narrowed arteries are called as atherosclerosis trap plaque and cholesterol. These lead to coronary artery disease. If the left ventricle of the heart thickens, then its ability to pump blood to various parts of the body limits down. Blood trapped results in the clotting of blood and this leads stroke or heart attack. Due to blood clots blood flow to important organs in the body gets stopped and this leads to the rupture of weak or bulging arteries.
High Blood Pressure makes the heart work harder than usual and this increases the risk of heart failure.
Any body part which doesn’t receive oxygenated blood will be at risk. Pain or numbness is the signs of impaired blood flow into body parts. This condition increases the chance of body part failure.
Central Nervous System:
Human brain cannot function properly without continuous supply of oxygenated blood. Blood clots happened due to high blood pressure blocks the flow of blood to the brain. People facing such situation are at high risk of full-blown stroke. Full-Blown Stroke is a situation in which blood supply to the brain stops. This causes brain cells die and leads to severe stroke. The biggest risk of high blood pressure is brain stroke.
Cognitive Impairment and vascular dementia is the other major issue associated with high blood pressure. This is a brain disease which appears due to the interrupted blood supply to the human brain. Symptoms of the disease are problems with memory and speaking.
Retinopathy is caused due to the damage of small blood vessels which brings blood to eyes. This causes bleeding or builds up fluid under the retina. The condition is called choroidopathy. Optical nerve damage leads to killing of nerve cells in the eyes and this causes impaired vision or vision loss.
Kidneys Works only with good supply of Purified Blood. Narrowed Blood vessels in people with oxygenated blood effects kidneys functioning.
If this continues slowly kidneys stop functioning and this signal to dialysis or a kidney transplantation. High Blood Pressure is one of the biggest causes for Kidney failure.
Good Blood Flow to pennies is important to get erection. If High Blood Pressure effects blood vessels that lead to penis, it results in erectile dysfunction, Painful ejaculation and impotence.
High Blood pressure effect on blood vessels to vagina in women causes vaginal dryness, painful intercourse, trouble achieving orgasm and also decreases sexual desire.
Sexual Dysfunction both in men and women leads to problems in their relationships.
Researchers recently revealed that most of the medicines prescribed to treat hypertension also create sexual problems.
Human Skeletal requires calcium to be strong. When Kidneys don’t function properly most of the calcium gets excreted in urine. If enough calcium is not circulated to your bones, bone density decreases and this leads to osteoporosis.