Hypertension (High Blood Pressure) is a serious condition appears one in three adults in India. It is a silent killer because it doesn’t show any symptoms. Without any symptoms it leads to serious and fatal conditions.
Blood Pressure is the measure of force of blood pushing against the blood vessel walls. Generally heart pumps blood to the arteries and arteries carry blood to all parts of the body. High Blood Pressure (Hypertension) is a dangerous state because the heart works harder to pump the blood out of the body and this leads to hardening of arteries, artherosclerosis, to stroke, kidney disease and the development of heart failure.
Blood usually moves through body at certain pressure. The normal blood pressure of a person should be 120/80mmHg or should be less. In the blood pressure reading the top number shows Systolic pressure and the bottom number shows diastolic pressure. For people with high blood pressure, blood moves through the arteries at a higher pressure by keeping more pressure and damaging your blood vessels.
People with blood pressure above 140/90mmHg is considered as high blood pressure.
Causes of High Blood Pressure:
There is no exact cause for high Blood Pressure in most cases. This is considered as Primary Hypertension. In very less cases kidney or heart conditions causes high blood pressure. This is called as secondary hypertension. Medicines like Birth Control pills, over the counter cold medicines causes high blood pressure and doesnot return to normal state even after stopping the usage of medicines.
Factors that play an important role in developing hypertension:
- Over Weight or Obese
- Lack of Physical activity
- Taking too much salt in diet
- Too much alcohol consumption
- High Stress
- Older age
- Chronic kidney disease
- Adernal and Thyroid disorders
- Sleep apnena
Risk factors of High Blood Pressure:
There are many risk factors associated with high blood pressure. Few risk factors cannot be changed and few can be changed based on the lifestyle.
Risk Factors which cannot be changed:
- Age: Older adults are at high risk of developing high blood pressure
- Gender: Women above 65 are more likely to suffer with high blood pressure and men under 45 are more likely to have high blood pressure than women.
- Race: African and Americans suffer with high blood pressure issue usually
- Family History: Person whose direct family member has blood pressure will be at more risk.
Modifiable risk factors are:
- Over Weight
- Not Exercising enough
- Unhealthy diets
- Taking excess salt
- Drinking alcohol
- Sleep apnea
How to Diagnosis High Blood Pressure:
Doctor’s diagnose blood pressure by using blood pressure monitor to measure your blood pressure. The Blood pressure monitor records systolic and diastolic blood pressures. Depending on the sevarity of the blood pressure it is categorized as follows
Normal Blood Pressure: less than 120 over 80 (120/80)
Prehypertension: 120-139 over 80-89
Stage-1 High Blood Pressure: 140-159 over 90-99
Stage 2: High Blood Pressure: 160 and above over 100 and above that
High Blood Pressure in People over age 60: 150 and above over 90 and above
High Blood Pressure determining tests:
High Blood Pressure is determined very simply by measuring the blood pressure using a blood pressure monitor. Doctor will check the blood pressure several times in few appointments for the accurate reading. This is because, blood pressure changes depending on many factors at that particular moment measurement is taken. Doctor may also order the following reports.
- Blood tests
- Urine Tests
- Electrocardiogram (ECG)
- Chest X-Ray
- Computed Tomography (CT) Scan
- Reducing the amount of salt in the diet
- Exercising and losing weight
- Beginning smoking cessation plan
- Trying to reduce stress with some relaxation techniques.
High Blood Pressure Treatments:
High Blood Pressure patients should undergo lifestyle changes and should also use medicines. These changes include:
People suffering with serious high blood pressure should use medicines prescribed by the doctor. Those patients with low blood pressure affect will be prescribed life style changes by the doctor itself.
Patient should visit the doctor regularly for constant supervision. Doctor will monitor the Blood pressure levels and will increase or decrease the dose based on the patient health.
Which Doctor Treat High Blood Pressure:
Primary care doctor will treat blood pressure normally. If the hypertension levels is very high primary care doctor will suggest you to visit cardiologist.
High Blood Pressure Complications:
Hypertension leads to serious complications. High Blood pressure stretch out arteries and also weaken them.There are also chance for abnormal heath rhythm, heart attack, kidney failure or brain strokes.
How to Prevent High Blood Pressure:
If you have unchangable factors of high blood pressure, you should work according to the instructions of a doctor. You should follow measures like
- Taking Healthy Low-Sodium diet
- Exercise regularly
- Maintaining Healthy weight
- Should quit smoking
Make sure you are following medicines as directed by the doctor and also monitor the blood pressure at home regularly. Have doctor check up’s regularly.