Diabetes seen in women during pregnancy is called gestational diabetes. This case appears in 7 percent of pregnant women across the world. The disease usually arises in the second half of pregnancy and disappears as soon as the baby is born. Check out why pregnant women are at higher risk to get diabetes. However, gestational diabetes patients should be monitored and treated to avoid health complications.
The most important step in treating gestational diabetes is modifying diet. Proper diet helps to keep blood glucose level of human body in normal range. Most of the women suffering with gestational diabetes delivered healthy babies and controlled their blood sugar level without complications.
Carbohydrates included in diet play an important role in keeping blood sugar levels normal. These foods digest and turn into blood glucose which is a fuel for human body. However, it is important to maintain these glucose levels within target.
Carbohydrates are generally found in following food
· Milk and Yogurt
· Fruits and Juices
· Rice, grains, cereals and pasta
· Breads, tortillas, crackers, bagels and rolls,
· Dried beans, split peas and lentils
· Potatoes, corn, yams, peas and winter squash
· Sweets and deserts, honey, syrups, pastries, cookies, soda and candy have very large amount of carbohydrates.
Carbohydrates in foods are measured in grams. One can count carbohydrates in foods by checking food labels. Two important factors to check on food labels are serving size and grams of carbohydrates available in each serving.
It is important to get monitored with a registered dietitian. Dietitians will calculate the amount of carbohydrates patient should consume in every meal and snacks. Patient will also taught how to count the carbohydrates intake.
Here we mentioned few dietary recommendations that help patient to maintain safe blood glucose levels.
Distribute foods for a day between three meals and two or three snacks:
Eating too much at one time is not safe. It raises the blood sugar and also puts on unwanted weight. This doesn’t mean you to skip the meals. Taking 3 meals and 2 to 3 snacks with proper diet is important. Nutritional needs increase during pregnancy both to the mother and baby.
Reasonable portions of starch:
Starch converts into glucose on eating.Though this is important to human body excessive consumption is harmful. Consuming one cup of starch in every meal is reasonable or else eating 2 pieces of bread is also helpful.
Cup of Milk:
Milk is a major source for calcium. It’s actually a liquid form of carbohydrate. Drinking too much of milk raises blood sugar but one can consume a cup of milk daily to stay healthy.
Limit Fruit Portions:
No Doubt, fruits are healthy. They are rich in natural sugars. Gestational Diabetes patient can consume two to three portions of fruit per day. A portion of fruit means a small fruit, half of the large piece of fruit or about one-half cup of the mixed fruit. Avoid fruits canned in syrup completely.
Don’t Skip Breakfast
It’s difficult to control blood sugar in the morning time because of normal fluctuations in hormone levels.
If you skip breakfast blood sugar level increases drastically. We suggest the patient to take breakfasts with adequate amount of starch and protein.
Avoid fruit juice:
Juice is concentrated source of carbohydrates. Avoid taking juice because liquid form of carbohydrates raises blood sugar in body very quicly.
Limit sweets and deserts:
Sweets, cakes, cookies, pastries have high amount of carbohydrate. These contain huge amount of fats and very little amounts of nutrition. Along with this also avoid regular sodas and sugar sweetened beverages.
Stop adding honey or syrups to your foods.
Use artificial sweeteners:
Following sweeteners are safer for gestational diabetes patients
· Aspartame, includes equal, nutrasweet, natra taste
· Acesulfame K, which include Sunett
· Sucralose, include splenda
Take a closer look when a product claims “Sugar-Free”
Products with Sugars often claim “Sugar-free”, but they still contain high carbohydrates. Check the food label to know the grams of total carbohydrate in it.
Few products labeled sugar-free are carbohydrate free and will not affect blood sugar. Such products include diet sodas and sugar free jells.
Record the amount of food you eat each day. This helps you to monitor your carbohydrate and nutrition intake and helps you in giving birth to healthy baby.